If gum disease has advanced and cannot be reversed with conservative approaches to care, periodontal surgery may be recommended. In this way, any bacteria and tartar from between the teeth and gums can be removed, and gingival pocket depth reduced. With successful periodontal surgery, improved oral hygiene, and care, the risk of further damage to the bone and soft tissues supporting the teeth diminishes. Periodontal surgery not only helps to prevent and address tissue damage to preserve your natural smile, but it can also help avert systemic problems linked to gum disease.
Treating Periodontal Pockets and bone loss
A surgical procedure to clean and treat any damage to both the gums and underlying bone may be recommended when periodontal pockets are deep (5mm or more). Today, traditional periodontal surgery and laser procedures offer effective options to reduce pocket depth and restore tissue health.
Bone graft procedures address hard tissue loss from dental disease, missing teeth, or trauma. With a bone graft, dental bone can be rebuilt to its original dimensions. Bone grafts restore bone volume to support optimal facial esthetics as well as facilitate the successful placement of dental implants. A bone graft provides a platform or “scaffolding” for new bone growth. A bone graft can be placed immediately upon the extraction of a tooth or some time after tooth loss.
Soft Tissue Grafts or “Gum Grafts”
In addition to the development of pockets and bone loss, periodontal disease can cause the gums to recede, thereby exposing the roots of the teeth. By performing a gum graft procedure, which is also known as a “gingival graft or soft tissue graft,” the soft tissue over the exposed area of the tooth is surgically replaced.
In addition to the development of pockets and bone loss, periodontal disease can cause the gums to recede, thereby exposing the roots of the teeth. When the root of a tooth loses its overlying soft tissue, it becomes more vulnerable to decay, sensitivity and additional bone loss. Gum recession also takes a toll on smile aesthetics.
By performing a gum graft procedure, which is also known as a “gingival graft or soft tissue graft,” we can replace the soft tissue over the exposed area of the tooth to address the problems created by receding gums. Gum tissue for grafting procedures can be harvested from a nearby site in the mouth or obtained from another donor source. A gum graft may be performed on a single tooth or multiple ones. And, based upon the needs of your case, we'll determine which type of gum graft to employ.